Ancient City Philippi
The area of Philippi is associated with outstanding historical figures and events that shaped Western civilization. Unique monuments, which have survived to this day, bear witness to the long history of the cultures that crossed and developed in the area.

The city of Kavala attracts visitors thanks to the presence of the archaeological site of Philippi, which has been a World Heritage Site since 2016 and is one of the most important sites in Greece. This historical place is unique because in the past it has seen several eras that have inhabited the territory, from the Macedonian kings, politicians, leaders and Roman soldiers, an apostle and the first Christian in Europe.   Unique monuments, which have survived to this day, bear witness to the long history of the cultures that crossed and developed in the area. The ancient city of Philippi was originally (360 BC) a colony of the Thasians, under the name of Krenides, but was soon conquered by the then powerful Philip II, King of Macedonia, who fortified the city and gave it his name. In the Hellenistic period the city acquired its wall, the theatre, public buildings and private residences. In the 2nd century BC, the passage of the Egnatia Road through Philippi, one of the largest military and trade routes of the ancient world, turned the city into a reference point of the region. The most important event in Roman times, however, which indelibly marks the history of the city, is the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, when the republican Romans, led by Brutus and Cassius, faced the followers of the Monarchy under Mark Antony, Octavian (later Caesar Augustus, the first Roman Emperor) and Lepidus. The republicans lose, their leaders commit suicide and Rome begins its imperial period of rule. However, another important event was again to change the face of the city: the arrival of the Apostle Paul, who founded the first Christian church on European soil here in 49/50 AD.

It is noted that:

 *   the Battle of Philippi decided the future of Rome

 *   Philippi was on the Egnatian Way, a major road leading into Europe

 *   Philippi was strategically located near gold mines, protected by a formidable acropolis, and serving as a "sentry" to a broad fertile plain

*   The Philippian church was the first church in Europe (first recorded baptism in Europe)